Category Archives: wheat

Dryland wheat crop is hanging on during drought

Writer: Kay Ledbetter, 806-677-5608, skledbetter@ag.tamu.edu Contact: Dr. Qingwu Xue, 806-354-5803, QXue@ag.tamu.edu AMARILLO – The dryland wheat crop is hanging on by a thread, of sorts. Thread-like roots developed last fall from the wheat seed have reached deep into the soil profile to tap moisture stored after abundant summer and fall rains, according to a Texas A&M AgriLife Research crop stress physiologist in Amarillo. The root function of wheat plants is very important under dryland conditions, said Dr. Qingwu Xue. Those fall-developed roots are keeping plants alive as they… Read More →

Viability of lentil, wheat rotation studied for Rolling Plains

Writer: Kay Ledbetter, 806-677-5608, skledbetter@ag.tamu.edu Contacts: Dr. Emi Kimura, 940-552-9941 ext. 233, emi.kimura@ag.tamu.edu Winter lentils may be just what the doctor ordered to perk up the Rolling Plains wheat crop. That doctor is Dr. Emi Kimura, a Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service agronomist in Vernon. Lentils are legumes that grow in pods on a bushy plant, and as legumes, they are high in nitrogen, which would benefit the following wheat crop, Kimura said. She has initiated a winter lentil-winter wheat crop rotation trial with funding provided by Texas… Read More →

Genetic discovery another tool in battle against wheat pests

Writer: Kay Ledbetter, 806-677-5608, skledbetter@ag.tamu.edu Contact: Dr. Shuyu Liu, 806-677-5600, SLiu@ag.tamu.edu AMARILLO – Greenbug and Hessian fly infestations can significantly reduce wheat yield and quality in Texas and worldwide. Breeding for resistance to these two pests using marker-assisted selection just got a new tool from a Texas A&M AgriLife Research study. Because genetics is the most economical strategy to minimize losses, AgriLife Research wheat geneticist Dr. Shuyu Liu began two years ago searching for breeder-friendly markers for those two insects. This step is a continuation of ongoing genetic… Read More →

Texas A&M AgriLife partners with Tunisia to improve soil management

By: Kay Ledbetter U.S. Department of State project designed to improve economic viability, security Writer: Kay Ledbetter, 806-677-5608, skledbetter@ag.tamu.edu Contacts: Dr. Amir Ibrahim, 979-845-8274, aibrahim@tamu.edu Dr. Jake Mowrer, jake.mowrer@tamu.edu Dr. Qingwu Xue, 806-354-5803, qxue@ag.tamu.edu Dr. Anil Somenahally, 903-834-6191, Anil.Somenahally@ag.tamu.edu     Improving the livelihood of small-acreage landholders is the goal of recent trips to Tunisia by Texas A&M AgriLife faculty members focusing on soil management and sustainability in cereal crops to improve the country’s overall economics. Fostered by the U.S. Embassy in Tunis and the U.S. Department of… Read More →

Innovation of researchers yields better food, feed and fiber for consumers

By: Kathleen Phillips Writer: Kathleen Phillips, 979-845-2872, ka-phillips@tamu.edu Contact: Dr. Craig Nessler, 979-845-8486, cnessler@tamu.edu   When the names of two researchers were called as top innovators at the recent Texas A&M Technology Commercialization banquet in College Station, officials at Texas A&M AgriLife beamed. “It was gratifying to see that our efforts to attract and support the best scientists was noticed and honored,” said Dr. Craig Nessler, director of Texas A&M AgriLife Research, the agency that yielded both winners — Dr. Gregory Sword and Dr. Joshua Yuan. “And we’re… Read More →

May 17 field day to highlight wheat research impact on food supply

Improvements equal to 3 billion-plus loaves of bread annually Writer: Kay Ledbetter, 806-677-5608, skledbetter@ag.tamu.edu Contact: Dr. Jackie Rudd, 806-677-5600, jcrudd@ag.tamu.edu AMARILLO – At least 3 billion loaves of bread in the Texas Panhandle alone every year – that’s the difference Texas A&M AgriLife Research is making, according to hosts of the annual Wheat Field Day. Wheat research, and the difference it makes in the food supply chain, will be highlighted during the annual field day May 17 at the Texas A&M AgriLife facilities near Bushland. “This year we… Read More →

New wheat streak mosaic virus resistance genetic markers developed

Advancement made in battle of major disease in the Great Plains Writer: Kay Ledbetter, 806-677-5608, skledbetter@ag.tamu.edu Contact: Dr. Shuyu Liu, 806-677-5600, SLiu@ag.tamu.edu Dr. Chor Tee Tan, 806-677-5600, chor_tee.tan@ag.tamu.edu AMARILLO – The Wsm2 gene is located on chromosome 3BS in wheat and most recently eight tightly linked flanking markers have been identified and mapped. To most, that means very little. To Texas A&M AgriLife Research geneticists and breeders, it’s the key to battling one of the most important biotic stresses affecting wheat. Dr. Shuyu Liu, AgriLife Research small grains… Read More →

Public wheat breeder consortium to be developed by USDA grant

Goal to make dramatic improvements to wheat yields Writer: Kay Ledbetter, 806-677-5608, skledbetter@ag.tamu.edu Contact: Dr. Shuyu Liu, 806-677-5600, Shuyu.liu@ag.tamu.edu AMARILLO – Texas A&M AgriLife Research’s wheat genetic and breeding programs will have genes in play when a multi-state, multi-agency project establishes a nationally coordinated consortium to advance wheat yields. The Wheat Coordinated Agricultural Project, titled “Validation, characterization and deployment of QTL for grain yield components in wheat,” is a five-year project jointly funded by U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Institute of Food and Agriculture and International Wheat Yield… Read More →

Winter wheat management critical to spring production

Writer: Kay Ledbetter, 806-677-5608, skledbetter@ag.tamu.edu Contact: Dr. Jourdan Bell, 806-677-5600, Jourdan.bell@ag.tamu.edu AMARILLO – The wheat may be planted, but there’s still a lot of work to do to maximize production, whether for forage, grain or both, said Dr. Jourdan Bell, Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service agronomist in Amarillo. Managing irrigation, in-season fertility, diseases and weeds will be critical for wheat producers who already face low crop prices and a predicted dry spring, Bell said. Wheat conditions across the Texas High Plains are variable going into the winter. “There… Read More →

Enhanced wheat curl mite control found in genes

AgriLife Research develops screening protocol Writer: Kay Ledbetter, 806-677-5608, skledbetter@ag.tamu.edu Contact: Dr. Shuyu Liu, 806-677-5600, SLiu@ag.tamu.edu AMARILLO – The Texas High Plains high winds are known for causing more than just bad hair days; they are a major contributor to the spread of wheat curl mite–transmitted viral diseases in wheat. Cultural control is not very effective because the wind can spread the mites and thus devastating diseases such as wheat streak mosaic virus, said Dr. Shuyu Liu, Texas A&M AgriLife Research small grains geneticist in Amarillo. In a… Read More →